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  • Writer's pictureNick Lundie

How Do Solar Panels Work?

Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic (PV) panels, are an increasingly popular renewable energy solution for both homes and businesses. These innovative devices convert sunlight into electricity, providing a sustainable and eco-friendly power source. The process begins with solar cells, typically made of silicon, which absorb photons from sunlight. This absorption causes electrons to become excited and break free from their atoms, generating a flow of electricity. This phenomenon, known as the photovoltaic effect, is the cornerstone of solar energy technology.


Once the solar cells generate direct current (DC) electricity, it needs to be converted into alternating current (AC) electricity to power most household appliances and integrate with the network grid / DNO. This conversion is done by an inverter, a crucial component of any solar power system. Modern inverters also offer additional functionalities, such as system monitoring and performance optimisation, ensuring that your solar panel system operates efficiently and effectively.


Investing in solar panels offers numerous benefits, including reduced electricity bills, lower carbon footprints, and increased property value. With the growing emphasis on green energy and sustainability, understanding how solar panels work can help you make informed decisions about harnessing solar power. By adopting solar energy, you not only contribute to environmental conservation but also take a significant step towards energy independence. Explore the potential of solar power and join the movement towards a cleaner, more sustainable future.

As MCS approved installers, we can help!

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